Is Erythritol Safe for Diabetics? A Closer Look

This is a common question from our Zolli Candy customers and we wanted to shed some light on the use of Erythritol. As the prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, individuals with this condition seek alternatives to traditional sugar. One such option is erythritol, a sugar alcohol that has gained popularity as a sweetener. But is it safe for people with diabetes? Let’s delve into the research and explore the benefits and risks.

What Is Erythritol?

Erythritol is a natural sugar alcohol found in certain fruits like melons, grapes, and pears. It is also present in some fermented foods. When used as a sugar substitute, erythritol is typically derived from fermented corn. Here are some key points about erythritol:

  1. Sweetness: Erythritol is almost as sweet as sugar.
  2. Caloric Content: Unlike sugar, erythritol has practically no calories.
  3. Carbohydrates: Erythritol doesn’t contain carbohydrates.
  4. Tooth Health: Unlike some sweeteners, it doesn’t cause tooth decay.

Impact on Blood Sugar

The Science Behind It

Normally, our bodies break down the sugars and starches we consume into glucose, which provides energy to our cells. Insulin, a hormone, helps transport glucose from the bloodstream to the cells. In diabetes, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.

Erythritol and Blood Sugar

Research suggests that erythritol has minimal impact on blood sugar levels. The American Diabetes Association acknowledges that sugar alcohols, including erythritol, have less effect on blood sugar than other carbohydrates. A small study found that neither a single dose of erythritol nor a two-week daily regimen negatively affected blood sugar control.

Benefits of Erythritol

  1. Sweetness: Erythritol provides sweetness without the caloric load of sugar.
  2. Weight Management: Its low-calorie content makes it suitable for weight-conscious individuals.
  3. Tooth-Friendly: Erythritol doesn’t promote tooth decay.
  4. Heart Health: Some studies suggest it may improve endothelial function, benefiting artery health.

Risks and Warnings

  1. Sensitivity: While most people tolerate erythritol well, some may experience gastrointestinal symptoms like cramping, nausea, bloating, or diarrhea.
  2. Moderation: If you have diabetes, use erythritol in moderation. If you’re sensitive to sugar alcohols, avoid it.
  3. Total Carbohydrate Intake: Remember that erythritol doesn’t provide carbohydrates, but other sugar-free products may contain hidden carbs.

Concerns About Erythritol, Stroke and Heart Attack

Over blown headlines claimed a link with erythritol and stroke and heart attack. This was a case of journalists and researchers misreporting the facts.


The facts of the study:

  • The investigation focused on erythritol blood levels rather than erythritol consumption. The study primarily examined the internally produced erythritol in the body.
  • The research relied on the analysis of population data, implying associations rather than establishing causations. Therefore, any assertion that erythritol consumption directly leads to cardiac events cannot be conclusively made.
  • The study encompassed a total of 4,139 participants. Among the 2,149 individuals from the United States, enrollment occurred before widespread use of erythritol in food. Consequently, any data related to these individuals pertains solely to internally produced erythritol and not external consumption.
  • The researchers did not incorporate dietary considerations into their model, indicating that their focus was not on consumption patterns.
  • The participants in the research were undergoing cardiac assessments, indicating an elevated susceptibility to cardiac events. Therefore, any conclusions drawn from the study may not be relevant to individuals with typical cardiovascular health. However, it's noteworthy that individuals with diabetes, who are already at an increased risk of cardiac events, were included in the study cohort.


These headlines caused a lot of misinformation for people trying to make healthy food choices.


Erythritol can be a safe and sweet alternative for people with diabetes. As always, individual responses vary, so it’s essential to monitor your blood sugar levels and adjust your diet accordingly. Consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best approach for your specific needs.


Remember, managing diabetes is a process of trial and error, and erythritol can be part of your overall eating plan. Enjoy its sweetness without compromising your health! 🍬🌿


Related Sources:

Erythritol: What is it, nutrition, and benefits (

All About Erythritol Sweetener and Type 2 Diabetes (

Get to Know Carbs | ADA (